Descriptive Catalogue of the Fossil Organic Remains of Reptilia and Pisces Contained in the Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Taylor & Francis, 1854 - 184 pages
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Table des matières
Expressions et termes fréquents
animal anterior apparently articular surface base body bone border Bracklesham breadth broad broken Buckland canal Catalogue caudal cavity cemented centrum cervical character Chelone clay coloured plaster cast concave containing convex Crocodile crown deep deposits depression described diameter divided dorsal Dorsetshire eocene tertiary formations existing expanded extends extinct extremity Family fish fossil four fragment Genus groove half head Hunterian Ichthyosaurus Iguanodon imbedded impression inches indicates Isle of Sheppey Kent length less lines Locality unnoted longitudinal lower lower jaw Lyme Regis middle mutilated nature neural neural arch neurapophyses oolitic formations oolitic slate orbits original outer Oxfordshire parapophysis petrified plate Plesiosaurus portion posterior Presented Presented by Prof preserved probably proportion remains reptile resembles ribs ridge sandstone scales shaft short shows side skeleton skull slab slightly species specimen spine Stonesfield structure Sussex teeth Teleosaurus terminal tooth transverse upper vertebra vertical Wealden
Page 35 - O'er bog, or steep, through strait, rough, dense, or rare, With head, hands, wings, or feet, pursues his way, And swims, or sinks, or wades, or creeps, or flies.
Page 55 - Plesiosaurus that Cuvier asserts the structure to have been the most heteroclite, and its characters altogether the most monstrous that have been yet found amid the ruins of a former world. To the head of a lizard it united the teeth of a crocodile, a neck of enormous length, resembling the body of a serpent, a trunk and tail having the proportions of an ordinary quadruped, the ribs of a cameleon, and the paddles of a whale.
Page 17 - Although no skeleton has been found entire, so many perfect bones and teeth have been discovered in the same quarries, that we are nearly as well acquainted with the form and dimensions of the limbs as if they had been found together in a single block of stone.
Page 55 - Such are the strange combinations of form and structure in the Plesiosaurus — a genus, the remains of which, after interment for thousands of years amidst the wreck of millions of extinct inhabitants of the ancient earth, are at length recalled to light by the reseaches of the Geologist, and submitted to our examination, in nearly as perfect a state as the bones of species that are now existing upon the earth.
Page vi - ... wet dust ; in some however it has a slight appearance of flakes. In the shark's, tooth, or glosso-petra, the enamel is composed of animal substance and calcareous earth, and is, nearly in the same quantity as in the recent ; but the central part of the tooth has its animal substance in the state of mucus interspersed in the calcareous matter.
Page 51 - Crocodile mayhave come ashore to sleep : it is most probable that they resorted to the shore to deposit their eggs, supposing them to have been oviparous, as the sum of the analogies deducible from their osseous texture would indicate. The hind paddles would also be serviceable in terrestrial progression as...
Page vi - From a succession of such shiftings of the situation of the sea we may have a stratum of marine extraneous fossils, one of earth, mixed probably with vegetables and bones of land animals, a stratum of terrestrial extraneous fossils, then one of marine productions; but from the sea carrying its inhabitants along with it, wherever there are those of land animals there will also be a mixture of marine ones; and from the sea commonly remaining thousands of years in nearly the same situation, we have...
Page 31 - Among the specimens lately collected, some, however, were so perfect, that I resolved to avail myself of the obliging offer of Mr. Clift (to whose kindness and liberality I hold myself particularly indebted), to assist me in comparing the fossil teeth with those of the recent Lacertae in the Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons. The result of this examination proved highly satisfactory, for in an Iguana which Mr. Stutchbury had prepared to present to the College, we discovered teeth possessing...
Page 120 - Cheirotherium (cheir, the hand, therion, beast) for the 1mknown animal that had left the footprints, in consequence of the resemblance, both of the fore and hind feet, to the impression of a human hand ; and Dr. Kaup conjectured that the animal might be a large species of the opossum kind ; but in Didelphys the thumb is on the inner side of the hind-foot.